UNFINISHED PAGE - A WORK IN
J.F.W. Dorman Company of Baltimore began making their Baltimorean small presses
in 1889. Later on, Baumgarten, also of Baltimore, copied these presses and sold them as the "Baltimore Printing Press".
At about the same time, Sigwalt began to market nearly identical presses in their "Chicago" series.
The Baltimorean presses came first, but were challenged by rivals Baltimore, Sigwalt and Daughaday and eventually Kelsey, with their "Junior" press. As we
gather more information on these presses we'll update this page..
Our little Baltimore No. 4 came to us with box it was
shipped in, so many years ago. In that box was also some type that can
be used in this less-than-type-high chase. In the shop, we have some
Baltimores of different sizes awaiting cataloging and restoration.
Bob Bozzay's Baltimore No. 4 Jobber is much different press, indeed - a full-sized, commerically-viable printing press
We also have a Baltimorean No. 9
as well as Baltimore No. 9, No. 10 and No.11 and one unnamed model
otherwise identical to the 9 & 10. We have cast new rubber ink
rollers for them. The No. 9 takes a 5" wide roller; the 10 & 11 take
a 6" wide roller. The roller trucks are slightly larger in diameter
than the rubber. The unamed model while otherwise identical in all
details to the 9 & 10, has no roller system attached - but it could
be easily added in minutes using only a screwdriver...
So, here's what we have learned about the Baltimore and Baltimorean
Presses - with some links too other informative sites below.
First, Dorman's Baltimorean Advertisement
image source: Collection of Stephen O. Saxe
Next: More Information on Baumgarten's presses as we find it....
Interesting historical/literary note:
In 1888, when author Henry L. Mencken
a boy, his father bought him a small Baltimore press and he proceeded
to print some cards of his own. Since the the font he used for his name
was 18 point Blackletter Text (similar to old English), and he lacked
lowercase "r's", he used "H.L. Mencken" instead of spelling out "Henry".
For the rest of his life, he was known as "H.L. Mencken"...
ref: "H.L. Mencken: In the Steps of Gutenberg" - Saxe, Fitzpatrick, Rasmussen
image source: Saxe(?)
The advertisement above shows 5 named models of the Baltimore (or
Baltimorean) presses. Note the No.4 self-inker on the right. (we have
one of these) as well as the numbers 10 & 11 to the left. Also
note the advertising trick of mounting the No. 11 on a board to make it
look larger than and different from the No. 10, while, with the
exception of the roller hook itself, the two presses are 100% identical - except, perhaps in retail selling price...
9/30/18: Well, here are some new details we have discovered by studying our own Baltimore No. 9, No. 10 & No. 11
- The Baltimore No. 9 is smaller than the No. 10 & 11. It does not share parts with these other models.
- The Baltimore No. 10 and No. 11 are 99% identical; the only difference between them is the hook used to mount the roller(s).
- The Baltimore No. 10 has a hook to hold one roller. The spring
cage and roller arm are the same on both presses. The No. 11 has a
"T-rocker" at the end to hold two rollers. Replace that "T-rocker" with a
single hook, and you have the Model No.10.
- Conversely, if you replace the single hook with a two-roller "T-rocker", you can convert your No. 10. to a No. 11.
- Furthermore, one unnamed model Baltimore we have in the collection has no ink roller assembly. The chase bed is attached with a bracket nearly identical to that used to mount the chase bed and roller assembly used on the No.s 10 & 11. Remove two screws, attach the assembly used on the 10 & 11 and you can change this hand-inked roller-less press to a self-inker.
- Otherwise, the presses are 100% the same - same castings, same
interchangeable parts, the same chase size, ink disk and
- On at least the 3 examples of these models, we have found that
the chase bed rails on these two models is below type-high. Roller
trucks for these models should be slightly larger than the diameter of
the roller itself. If they are not, the truck diameter can be easily
increased by taping the trucks with black vinyl "electrical"
- These small presses print well. During out testing, we were able
to easily print this 4" wide engraving and a line of 18 point type. see
9/27/18: Jack Dowd brought his Baltimore No. 10 to use to install a new roller on press and make it print again.
set up our No. 10 with the new roller before Jack arrived and printed
this piece - the engraving is a full 4" wide; the type is 18 point. This
press can clearly be used to print a simple business card or postal or
greeting card. Yes, it is s a "real" printing press and will print well
with minimal effort and/or make ready. And, since the design is
virtually identical to that of the original Baumgartner Baltimorean and
the Sigwalt Chicago presses, it is fair to assume that these are all
capable presses and can be used to print items pretty much
indistinguiable from pieces printed on larger presses - less, of course,
the "punch" (deep impression) which is so popular in today's
addition, although we have 3 of these presses in the shop, we had no
functional chase for our press... so we made one. Quickly and easily.
We first cut strips of Ipe (Brazilian Iron Wood) to 3/8" x 5/8", then
created lap joints in the corners and drilled 1/16" holes through the
corners to install small roll pins to hold it together. Since our design
did not include a tab to accept the screw that holds the chase in
place, we simply used a slightly longer 1/4x20 machine screw with a
washer to hold it to the chase bed. It worked quite well. Click the photo for a close-up.
We also discovered
Baltimore also sold a press that totally lacked any mounting system for
rollers; it was meant to be hand-inked with a brayer. However, like the
No. 9 & No. 10, this "no name" model can be "converted" easily to
either model 9 or 10 by replacing the bed mount bracket with one that
includes the entire roller assembly; the chassis and all other parts are
identical and interchangeable.
Here's an interesting excerpt from the very comprehensive Dump Digger's Page:
The Dorman hand lever presses were very popular and were copied by
several other companies, but the only company that went by the name of
Baltimorean, was the original Dorman press. The Dorman factory was lost
to the Great Baltimore Fire in 1904.
Dorman’s hand ‘Lever Presses’ as they were sometimes called at the
time were very popular, and were copied closely by several other
manufacturers, notably John Sigwalt of Chicago (see his Chicago No.10,
which lacks only the rippled ornamentation below its lever) and
Baumgarten of Baltimore, who copied nearly every aspect of Dorman’s
Baltimore line, including its name. Dorman’s presses go by the name
‘Baltimorean’ while Baumgarten’s use ‘Baltimore.’
Bob Bozzay has recently restored his father's old Model 4 Jobber for use at the East Jersey Olde Towne open-air museum near New Brunswick, New Jersey.
Here's a page about Bob's press in use now at the museum after being in the family for more than fifty years...